The trend of 2016 programming languages and frameworks appears to be more towards developing the front end than developing the backend. Below is a simplified list of what to consider and consider improving your knowledge of it.
Languages and platforms
PHP 7 is the latest version of PHP. It uses big websites like Facebook, Google and Apple PHP. PHP 7 is also two times faster than the previous version 5.6 – this will have a significant improvement in CMS systems like WordPress and Drupal.
Python 3.5 was released in 2015 with some exciting features like Asyncio. Almost all libraries are available for Python 3, so it may be a good time to upgrade your old code base now.
Node.js has the largest open source library ecosystem in the world. Node.js is always a good choice to study and with long-term support available to it, it provides more stability to move forward. LinkedIn and Walmart use some aspects of Node.js on their websites.
Swift 2 was released earlier this year and it's growing fast (it's the fastest growing programming language in history!). It is open source and it is already moved on Linux, which means that it is now possible to create backend and server side programs. It was designed by Apple (not granny smith apple) and they have big plans so it would be nice to note that as popularity grows.
HTML5 is the last and certainly not the least. He is the person you need to pay attention to! YouTube switched from Flash to HTML5 this year and Adobe Animate's exports are now assumed to HTML5. It is also one of the fastest growing employment trends in fact. HTML5 is probably one of the best long-term languages to study in the next 3 years. Some sites that use HTML5 are Ford, Peugeot and Lacoste – it's really cool.
Front End Frames (CSS Frameworks)
These full frameworks provide features such as icons and other reusable components for mobility, groups of forms, style printing, buttons, popups, alerts, and more.
Bootstrap became very popular in 2015 and this popularity will only increase in 2016 as it turns into a standard for web development. Version 4 will be released soon and it will integrate with SASS. It's easy to learn and includes some great additions and examples as well.
The foundation is an alternative to bootstrap. In 2015 they launched version 6, which focuses on modularity so that you can only embed the pieces you need for a faster load time, and also designed with SASS.
The skeleton is an exciting profile (there is no other word to explain) and it is a kettle of responsive development that is compatible with mobile devices. Skeleton is a small set of CSS files that helps you to develop websites quickly and beautifully that look amazing on all screen sizes.
The rear tires or application layers are 'the brain' of the site. It is the way the site works and the logic behind it. You are developing 'brain' while at Frontend, you're creating 'face'.
Depending on the language you prefer, there are a lot of options. Here is a list of some languages with some frameworks:
PHP: Symfony, Zend, Laravel, Slim, Codeigniter and CakePHP
Node.js: Express, Hapi, Sails.js, and Total.js
Ruby: Bars and Sinatra
Java: Play, Spring and Spark
Python: Jango and the Flask
Frames may be very useful, but this does not necessarily mean that they will be useful to you. In the end, it is the developer’s decision to use a framework or not. This depends on several factors depending on what you want to achieve. Follow each framework and see if it matches what you want to achieve before you start using it.
CMS (Content Management Systems)
This article will not be complete without mentioning common CMS systems like WordPress and Drupal. Both are written in PHP and with the new PHP 7 version, it's getting faster.
WordPress has evolved from CMS for blogging to a fully functional CMS / Framework with plugins that make almost anything possible. Thousands of developers earn a living as a WordPress developer by creating additional themes or extensions. You can also use WordPress as a REST API backend.
Drupal 8 was released in 2015. It uses Symfony 2, Composer packages and Twig templating engine. Some of the websites that run on Drupal are: Johnson & Johnson, BBC Store and World Economic Forum. Drupal is ideal for heavy content sites.
If you doubt what you spend in school in 2016, we have created a list of 5 frameworks that we think should invest your time in:
- Ruby on the bars
As a sixth recommendation, we recommend adding Git to your list of what you should learn in 2016. It is growing like crazy and will only grow in popularity. Companies like Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter, and LinkedIn use Git.
This is just a short summary of the programming languages and frameworks that we think you should learn in 2016. Of course there are hundreds of languages and other frameworks out there, but I hope this is of value to you.