Artificial intelligence is a concept that matters to people from all over the world and from all times. The ancient Greeks and Egyptians introduced their legends, their philosophical machines, and artificial entities with characteristics similar to those of humans, especially with regard to reasoning, logic and intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence is a branch of computer science concerned with the study and design of smart machines. The term "artificial intelligence", coined at the conference in Dartmouth in 1956 comes from John McCarthy who defined it as the science of making a smart machine.
Along with the development of electronic computers, in the 1940s, this field and concept known as artificial intelligence and interested in creating intelligent machines similar to humans, and more precisely, they possessed qualities such as those of humans, began to produce smart machines.
The specialties involved in artificial intelligence are very different. Areas of knowledge such as mathematics, psychology, philosophy, logic, engineering, social sciences, cognitive sciences, and computer science are extremely important and closely related to the very important when it comes to artificial intelligence. All of these fields and sciences contribute to the creation of intelligent machines that resemble humans.
The fields of AI application are very diverse such as robotics, soft computing, learning systems, planning, knowledge representation, logical reasoning, logical programming, natural language processing, image recognition, image understanding, computer vision, scheduling, expert systems, and more.
The field of artificial intelligence has grown rapidly and surprisingly since 1956, as researchers have made great strides in creating smart machines that are partially able to do what humans can do.
Researchers have clearly faced and continue to face many problems simulating human intelligence. The smart device must have a number of features and must comply with some special criteria. For example, the human being is able to solve a problem faster by using primarily intuitive judgments instead of conscious judgments.
Another aspect that researchers have analyzed extensively is the representation of knowledge that indicates knowledge about the world that smart devices must possess in order to solve problems such as organisms or classes of organisms, properties of objects, relationships between things, relationships such as those between causes, effects, conditions, situations, etc. that
Moreover, there is another challenge for researchers in the field of artificial intelligence that indicates the fact that smart machines must be able to plan problems that need to be resolved, and set a number of goals that must be achieved, to be able to make choices and anticipate actions, they must be Able to learn, understand human languages, display emotions and be able to understand and predict other people's behavior.
Artificial intelligence is a huge area of very difficult knowledge, raises many questions and generates a lot of differences but it also solves many of the problems that technology and industry face today and may offer many answers in the future.