While computers have now become an important part of human life, there has been a time when computers have not been around. Knowing the history of computers and the progress made can help you understand the complexity and complexity of building computers.

Unlike most devices, the computer is one of the few inventions with no single specific inventor. Throughout the development of the computer, many people added their creations to the list needed to make the computer work. Some inventions were different types of computers, and some were parts required to allow the development of computers.

the beginning

Perhaps the most important date in the history of computers is in 1936. This year the first "computer" was developed. It was created by Konrad Zuse and named computer Z1. This computer is the first because it is the first fully programmable system. There were devices before that, but none had the computing power that set them apart from other electronic devices.

It was not until 1942 that he saw any profit business and opportunity in computers. This company was the first to be called ABC Computers, owned and managed by John Atanasoff and Clifford Perry. Two years later, the Harvard Mark I computer was developed, which strengthens computing science.

Over the next few years, inventors from all over the world began to research more in the study of computers, and how to improve them. The next ten years say introducing the transistor, which will become a vital part of the internal workings of the computer, the ENIAC 1 computer, and many other types of systems. ENIAC 1 was perhaps one of the most interesting, as it needed 20,000 vacuum tubes to work. It was a huge machine, and the revolution began to build smaller and faster computers.

The era of computers was changed forever by the introduction of International Business Machines, or IBM, into the computing industry in 1953. Throughout computer history, this company has been a major player in developing new systems and servers for the public and private use. This introduction brought the first signs of real competition in the history of computing, which helped spur the development of computers faster and better. Their first contribution was the IBM 701 EDPM Computer.

The programming language is evolving

A year later, the first successful high-level programming language was created. This was a programming language not written in 'aggregation' or binary, which is very low level languages. FORTRAN has been written so that more people can start programming computers easily.

In 1955, Bank of America, along with the Stanford Research Institute and General Electric, saw the creation of the first computers to be used in banks. The MICR, or character recognition in magnetic ink, along with the physical computer, ERMA, was a boom in the banking sector. It was not until 1959 that a pair of regulations were put in use in actual banks.

During 1958, one of the most important breakthroughs in computer history occurred, namely the creation of the integrated circuit. This device, also known as the chip, is one of the basic requirements for modern computer systems. On every motherboard and card inside the computer system, there are many chips that contain information about what boards and cards do. Without these chips, systems as we know them today will not work.

Games, mice, and the Internet

For many computer users now, games are a vital part of the computing experience. 1962 saw the creation of the first computer game, created by Steve Russel and MIT, called Spacewar.

The mouse, an essential component of modern computers, was created in 1964 by Douglass Engelbart. It got its name from the "tail" that leads out of the device.

One of the most important aspects of computers today was invented in 1969. ARPA net was the original internet, which provided the basis for the internet that we know today. This development will lead to the development of knowledge and business throughout the entire planet.

That was not the case until 1970 when Intel entered the scene with its first dynamic RAM chip, which led to an explosion of innovation in computer science.

In the wake of the RAM chip, it was the first microprocessor also designed by Intel. These two components, in addition to the chip developed in 1958, will be among the basic components of modern computers.

A year later, the floppy disk was created, and its name gained volume flexibility. This was the first step in allowing most people to transfer pieces of data between offline computers.

The first network card was created in 1973, allowing the transfer of data between connected computers. This is similar to the Internet, but it allows computers to connect without using the Internet.

Emerging personal computers

The next three years were very important for computers. This is the time when companies have started developing systems for the average consumer. The industry leaders are Scelbi, Mark-8 Altair, IBM 5100, Apple I, II, TRS-80, and Commodore Pet. Although they are very expensive, these machines have started the trend for computers inside shared homes.

One of the major breakthroughs in computer software happened in 1978 with the release of VisiCalc Spreadsheet. All development costs were paid out over a two-week period, making this one of the most successful programs in computer history.

1979 was one of the most important years for a home computer user. This is the year in which WordStar, the first word processing program, was released to the public for sale. This is a fundamental change in the usefulness of computers for the everyday user.

The IBM Home computer quickly helped revolutionize the consumer market in 1981, as it was accessible to homeowners and ordinary consumers. 1981 It also saw the giant Microsoft enter the scene through the MS-DOS operating system. This operating system completely changed computing forever, as it was easy enough for everyone to learn.

The competition begins: Apple vs Microsoft

Computers underwent another dynamic change during 1983. Apple Lisa was the first computer with a graphical user interface or graphical user interface. Most modern software has a graphical user interface, which allows it to be easy to use and eye-satisfying. This marks the beginning of acquaintance with most text-based programs only.

Beyond this point in computer history, many changes and adjustments have occurred, from the Apple-Microsoft wars, to the development of computers and a variety of computer breakthroughs that have become an acceptable part of our daily lives. Without the initial first steps in computer history, none of this would have been possible.


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